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Rev. James A. Bates
In the death of Rev. James Atwood Bates the Ameri-
can Fern Society has lost an ex-president and a charter
member whose botanical experience goes back a long
generation before the beginning of popular fern study
in America. It is almost startling to realize that he
began collecting plants in the days of Thoreau, while
D. C. Eaton was a school boy, about the time of the
[No. 4 of the Journal (6 : pages 97-136, Plate 6) was issued Dec. 13,
2 American Fern Journal
birth of L. M. Underwood, and nearly twenty years
before G. E. Davenport began the study of ferns.
He was born on May 2, 1832, in the old Congrega-
tionalist parsonage in Newton Center, Mass., where his
father, Rev. James Bates, was pastor for twelve years.
His mother, Emily Atwood Bates, was a sister of Harriet
Newell, one of the first missionaries of the American
Board to India. He prepared for college at Williston
Seminary, Easthampton, Mass., graduating from Am-
herst College in 1856, and from Andover Theological
Seminary in 1860. On October 25, 1860, he married
Sarah Adams Tobey and shortly thereafter sailed for
Ceylon, where he remained three years as a missionary.
Compelled by ill health to give up missionary work,,
he returned to America and during the succeeding
forty years held pastorates in Huntington, Mass., 1866;
Belpre, Ohio, 1867; Brooklyn, Ohio, 1872; Lowell,
Mass., 1874; Wolcott, Vt., 1877; Barton Landing (now
Orleans), Vt., 1880; Williston, Vt., 1883; Randolph, Vt.,
1890; South Royalston, Mass., 1898.
He was President of the American Fern Society
during the year 1910. He was a charter member of
the Vermont Botanical Club and as long as health
permitted was a frequent and interested participant
in the meetings of that society. He was not a volum-
inous writer, but his occasional contributions to the
Fern Bulletin, Fern Journal, Bulletin of the Vermont
Botanical Club and other publications all reflect his
characteristic mental keenness, youthful enthusiasm,
and generous and kindly spirit.
For more than sixty years he employed the spare
moments of a busy life in the study of nature, collecting
not only plants but minerals, shells and curios from all
parts of the world. Among the writer's most vivid
recollections of boyhood days is that of sitting in a little
Vermont church listening with rapt attention to his
Is Pellaea glabella a Distinct Species? 3
stories of life in Ceylon which he illustrated with images,
implements and natural objects collected during his
stay in " heathen lands."
His death occurred on the third day of September
after several months of failing health, in South Royals-
ton, which had been his home for the past eighteen
years. The photograph here reproduced was taken
some twenty years ago.
E. J. WlNSLOW.
Is Pellaea glabella Mett. a Distinct Species? 1
FERMEN L. PICKETT
In an earlier number of the Journal ( 4: 97-100,
Jy-S, 1914) the writer called attention to two forms
of the Cliff Brake found growing together on the lime-
stone cliffs of southern Indiana, both of which are
locally called Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link, but which
differ so widely that they seem certainly to be distinct
varieties or even distinct species.
Through the kindness of Mr. C. A. Weatherby, speci-
mens of both forms were on display at the Philadelphia
meeting. Later the broad-leaf specimens were compared
with authentic specimens of P. atropurpurea var. Bushii
(collected at Monteer, Mo., by B. F. Bush, Oct. 24,
1901) and reported as identical with that variety. Mr.
Weatherby stated that Mr. Bush evidently thought
the variety Bushii the same as P. glabella in as much
as his later labels bear the latter name.
In December, 1915, the writer received from Mr. F. C.
Greene specimens of P. glabella collected Oct. 3, 1915,
North Terrace, Kansas City, Mo., which are in every
way identical with the Indiana specimens. Later
examination of specimens in the Washington State
College Herbarium has shown specimens of P. glabella
1 Contribution from the Bot. Dept., Washington State College.